A current study carried out in a non-gravitational environment for a long time can damage the muscle tissue and become physical, which is a great disaster for all mankind. It shows that this kind of supplementation is reduced by more than 40%. On the one hand, our world is increasingly polluted, while on the other hand, limited water resources are limited by the impact of global warming. Some scientists believe that due to the complete destruction of clean water resources in a time period that is not far away, as many of us are familiar with science fiction films, if one day tomorrow our world becomes an uninhabitable place for human race, a number of institutions and organizations are investigating extraterrestrial life issues. Life on the moon was popular. Nowadays, the journey to Mars and the subject of life has been discussed. NASA has managed to send unmanned vehicles to Mars. Even soil analyzes were started on Mars surface. For the manned Mars mission, the biggest obstacle will be so long and laborious for the journey to protect the health of astronauts and make sure they return safely. The impact of extraterrestrial life and its effects on human health has long been the subject of research by the International Space Station (ISS).
Astronauts spend an average of 6 months on the space station in each mission, and this is a sufficient time to see the negative effects of the non-gravity on human health. The gravity-free environment has a number of negative effects on the cardiovascular system, primarily muscle and bone tissue. This poses a major threat to astronauts’ health and hence the success of the mission. The most important method that has been developed so far is the implementation of physical exercise and aerobic programs with high resistance and durability. On the other hand, a study published under the sponsorship of NASA and published in The Journal of Applied Physiology in 2009 found that astronauts suffered considerable muscle loss despite the exercises. NASA is also aware of this and in November 2008, the Advanced Endurance Exercise Device (ARED), a tool called the International Space Station has made it functional. This tool allows the astronauts to perform exercises that require higher resistance and strength. Exercise programs are not the same for everyone, but are designed specifically for each astronaut to suit their body structure. A recent study that will be published in the Journal of Physiology in September, draws the attention to the fact that, for the first time, it is a scientific study that examines the effects of long-term non-gravitational environment on muscle tissue at a, cellular bir level. Biopsies of astronauts and cosmonauts were collected and examined before and after the 180-day period in the International Space Station (ISS) in the study conducted by Robert Fitts of Marquette University (Milwaukee, Wisconsin). As a result of the analysis, significant fiber mass and power loss were observed in the muscle groups examined. This loss corresponds to a decrease in physical capacity by more than 40%. In other words, this means that a person aged between 30 and 50 years has a muscle tissue of an 80-year-old. With the existing technologies, reaching Mars takes approximately 10 months. It is planned that there will be a total of 3 years of Mars cruises together for a period of time. This is a very long time. This huge loss of muscle means that astronauts will get tired very quickly and even have to perform their daily activities in the shuttle. This is an important security issue, especially in terms of space cruises that will require a long time such as Mars cruises. These findings suggest that the exercise program followed by astronauts is not sufficient to protect the muscle and bone tissue health, and that this program needs to be developed. If there is no way to prevent muscle damage in this destructive size, the manned Mars cruises planned in the future seem to be in danger.